Introduction to Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction
Autologous tissue breast reconstruction is the main alternative to implant-based reconstruction is using your own tissue to reconstruct the breast. In this regard, tissue is generally taken from the abdomen, but there are several other places in the body that can also donate the tissue.
The History of Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction
In the past, it was not possible to have your own fat injected into your breast. That is why the breast reconstruction using implant was the only option after the removal of the breast. After the groundbreaking work on abdominal tissue, it was suggested in 1982 that the tissue from the abdominal area could be used to reconstruction the breast.
At that time, abdominal breast reconsturciotn was named Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. Due to its benefits, this method has now become the most common form of autologous breast reconstruction. Some risks include a hernia, fat necrosis of the flap (firm areas in the breast), and bulging of the abdomen.
Types of Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction
DIEP and SIEA Tissue Grafting
The Deep Inferior Epigastric artery Perforator (DIEP) flap was devices to avoid the risk of a hernia, bulge, or abdominal weakness following breast reconstruction. Another form of the flap is Superficial Inferior Epigastric Artery (SIEA) flap, which is a flap that completely spares dissection of the abdominal muscles and fascia.
Some women do not have enough tissue to donate for the breast reconstruction. In case, a woman does not have enough tissue to donate for TRAM, DIEP, or SIEA flap, fat from other parts of the body can be used as well.
In this regard, Superior Gluteal Artery Perforator (SGAP) or an Inferior Gluteal Artery Perforator (IGAP) flaps can be taken from the buttock area. Moreover, Transverse Upper Gracilis (TUG) flap can be taken from the thigh. On the other hand, if there is not enough extra tissue on the body a woman, a combination of the tissue from the back (latissimus flap) can be used in along with implant-based reconstruction.
Risks of Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction
Like all other surgeries, there are some advantages and disadvantages of autologous tissue breast reconstruction. It is also true that the advantages outnumber its disadvantages with a huge lead. It has more advantages than an implant-based breast reconstruction. One of the promising features of this procedure is that it makes use of the tissue of the same person.
Thus, the patient has a peace of mind about the substance that enters into the breast. Another advantage includes the removal of unwanted tissue from another area of the body. As opposed to an implant, the tissue grafted at the breast area will not have to be changed in the future no matter what. Thus it offers long-lasting and natural looking results.
Tissue Removal and Tissue Grafting
The tissue removal and grafting are separate procedures that are combined together to make an autologous tissue breast reconstruction procedure. Both components of this procedure have to be performed on the same day. That is why the procedure involves some downtime. The procedure is performed under local or general anesthesia.
Breast Surgery Clinic Dubai boasts some of the finest board-certified plastic surgeons in the UAE. These board-certified plastic surgeons specialize in breast reconstruction surgery. If coupled with our advanced surgery facility, they deliver the optimal results.
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